Aflatoxins in pistachio nuts

What is aflatoxin pistachio?

Aflatoxin is a dangerous natural toxin that originates from fungi and is carcinogenic. And it is very common among tree nuts such as: almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts and especially pistachios.

There are different types of aflatoxin, but among the most important ones, we can refer to the examples of B1 B2 G1 G2, B1is considered the most dangerous type of aflatoxin. Pistachio also has the same type of poison.aflatoxin

Aflatoxins in pistachio nuts

Pistachios are among the most popular and delicious nuts all over the world, but if the level of aflatoxin in it is not paid attention to, it can be very dangerous to the extent that it leads to cancer. They have considered that this amount in the European Union, which is one of the main areas for importing pistachios from Iran, is as follows:

The level of aflatoxin B1 in pistachios intended for direct human consumption must not exceed 8 μg/kg and the total aflatoxin content (B1, B2, G1 and G2) must not exceed 10 μg/kg.

Fortunately, the permitted amount of aflatoxin in pistachios is equal to European standards based on Iran’s national standard.

Which nuts are high in aflatoxin?

Pistachios, peanuts, dried figs and hazelnuts contain high aflatoxins compared to other nuts and dried fruits.

aflatoxin in nuts

What happens if you eat aflatoxins?

Pistachio cause cancer?

Aflatoxin carries the risk of cancer, but most of all, it can affect the liver and lead to liver cancer. If a person consumes a large amount of aflatoxin in a short period of time, it can lead to his death.

Aflatoxin symptoms

The problems that aflatoxins cause to people can be different according to the duration of its consumption, the amount consumed, age, immune system, etc., but in general, the common symptoms are:

  • Nausea

  • Yellowing of skin and sclera (icterus)

  • Itching

  • Vomiting

  • Bleeding

  • Abdominal pain

  • Lethargy

  • Edema

  • Convulsions

  • Coma

  • Death

If the above symptoms are signs of liver failure, it should be diagnosed as soon as possible and necessary care should be taken.

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